文章摘要
牛彤,陈文琳,雷远.气门座圈粉末锻造工艺的数值模拟与实验[J].精密成形工程,2017,9(5):160-165.
气门座圈粉末锻造工艺的数值模拟与实验
Numerical Simulation and Experiment on Powder Forging Process of Valve Retainer
投稿时间:2017-07-31  最后修改时间:2017-09-10
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6457.2017.05.024
中文关键词: 气门座圈  粉末锻造  相对密度  数值模拟
英文关键词: valve retainer  powder forging  relative density  numerical simulation
基金项目:
作者单位
牛彤 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院合肥 230009 
陈文琳 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院合肥 230009 
雷远 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院合肥 230009 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究气门座圈的粉末锻造工艺,提高产品的致密度。方法 通过建立气门座圈粉末锻造数值模型,分析锻造过程中相对密度的变化过程,研究预制毛坯初始相对密度、锻造加热温度和成形速度对致密化的影响。在此基础上进行粉末锻造实验,并与模拟结果比较。结果 随着预制毛坯初始致密度、加热温度的增加以及成形速度的降低,粉末锻造致密度化所需的成形力降低;预制坯初始密度对锻件密度均匀性影响最为显著。经过粉末锻造后的气门座圈,密度从6.6 g/cm3提高到7.46 g/cm3,致密度达到96.4%。结论 相比传统压制-烧结工艺,粉末锻造可以大幅度提高气门座圈的致密度。
英文摘要:
      The paper aims to study the powder forging process of valve retainer to improve the density of product. The relative density of powder sintered blanks, the effects of forging heating temperature and forming speed on the densification were studied by establishing a numerical model for forging the valve retainer and analyzing the changing process of relative density in the forging process. On this basis, the powder forging experiment was carried out and compared with the simulation results. The forming force required for the density of the forging of the powder reduced with the decrease of initial density of the preform blank, the increase of forging heating temperature and the decrease of the forging speed. The initial density of powder sintered blanks had the most significant effect on the density uniformity of forgings. The density of valve retainer after powder forging increased from 6.6 g/cm3 to 7.46 g/cm3, and its relative density reached 96.4%. Compared with the traditional P/M process, powder forging can improve the density of valve retainer greatly.
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